Kidney Stones Diet – Best Food To Eat And Avoid
A Kidney stones are painful. Vei-y painful. Imagine one weighing nearly 3 pounds! That’s the largest reported kidney stone in the medical literature. This ancient health problem has been a thorn in our side throughout history.
Mummies have been found with kidney stones present their most likely demise. It’s even believed that France lost the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 largely as a result of its , leader. Napoleon III (nephew of Bonaparte), plagued with incapacitating kidney stones and kidney failure.
Just what are kidney stones? They’re crystals, typically calcium- based, that form in the urinai-y tract from substances in the urine. Knowing the type of stone by catching it in a strainer may prevent a recurrent attack, although many times the stone isn’t recovered.
In three-fourths of the cases, calcium oxalate stones/crystals m-e what we find. Calcium phosphate stones are the culprit in about 8 percent of cases. Uric acid stones/crystals are the cause of about 7 percent of kidney stones. The remainder of stones identified are composed of mineral salts like magnesium ammonium phosphate(struvite) and magnesium phosphate, or the amino acid cystine.
Why do some folks get them and not others? We’re not really sure, but just like forming rock candy crystals, we believe that a supersaturated solution allows crystals to form. The affected person probably has an underlying predisposition to forming a stone. Kidney stones do tend to run in families. Dehydration from fever or working in the hot outdoors increases the likelihood of forming stones.
Kidney Stones Diet Foods To Avoid
Drinking plenty of water may prevent kidney stones. A kidney stones diet that includes a lot of oxalate-rich foods increases the risk of forming calcium oxalate stones.
Examples of oxalate-rich foods include: cocoa and chocolate; coffee; spinach; black tea; oranges; beans; rhubarb. Too much vitamin C (usually 3000 – 4000mg/day) can cause kidney stones. You might think it would cause citric acid stones/ctystals, but actually excess vitamin C can cause calcium oxalate stones. That’s because a breakdown product of vitamin C is, oxalate.
Kidney Stones Diet Foods To Eat
You might think that cutting back on calcium-rich dairy products and supplements would be a good idea. Actually, folks who get more calcium in their diets are less likely to, develop stones.
Why? It seems that the diet calcium binds with oxalates in the digestive tract so that they’re not absorbed from the intestines and later excreted by the kidneys to form a stone. If you’re taking a thiazide water pill (HCTZ), you may be unknowingly cutting your risk of forming a calcium-based stone; thiazides decrease the amount of urinary calcium.
Drugs like Urocit-K raise the pH of the urine, making it more alkaline and decreasing the risk of certain stones.
How are kidney stones diagnosed? The intense back/flank pain or cramping lower abdominal pain is usually a good clue. Sometimes blood in the urine or sudden onset of diet for kidney stone.